Welcome to the resource topic for
**2024/602**

**Title:**

Secret-Sharing Schemes for High Slices

**Authors:**
Amos Beimel, Oriol Farràs, Oded Nir

**Abstract:**

In a secret-sharing scheme, a secret is shared among n parties such that the secret can be recovered by authorized coalitions, while it should be kept hidden from unauthorized coalitions. In this work we study secret-sharing for k-slice access structures, in which coalitions of size k are either authorized or not, larger coalitions are authorized and smaller are unauthorized. Known schemes for these access structures had smaller shares for small k's than for large ones; hence our focus is on “high” (n-k)-slices where k is small.

Our work is inspired by several motivations: 1) Obtaining efficient schemes (with perfect or computational security) for natural families of access structures; 2) Making progress in the search for better schemes for general access structures, which are often based on schemes for slice access structures; 3) Proving or disproving the conjecture by Csirmaz (J. Math. Cryptol., 2020) that an access structures and its dual can be realized by secret-sharing schemes with the same share size.

The main results of this work are:

- Perfect schemes for high slices. We present a scheme for (n-k)-slices with information-theoretic security and share size kn\cdot 2^{\tilde{O}(\sqrt{k \log n})}. Using a different scheme with slightly larger shares, we prove that the ratio between the optimal share size of k-slices and that of their dual (n-k)-slices is bounded by n.
- Computational schemes for high slices. We present a scheme for (n-k)-slices with computational security and share size O(k^2 \lambda \log n) based on the existence of one-way functions. Our scheme makes use of a non-standard view point on Shamir secret-sharing that allows to share many secrets with different thresholds with low cost.
- Multislice access structures. (a:b)-multislices are access structures that behave similarly to slices, but are unconstrained on coalitions in a wider range of cardinalities between a and b. We use our new schemes for high slices to realize multislices with the same share sizes that their duals have today. This solves an open question raised by Applebaum and Nir (Crypto, 2021), and allows to realize hypergraph access structures that are chosen uniformly at random under a natural set of distributions with share size 2^{0.491n+o(n)} compared to the previous result of 2^{0.5n+o(n)}.

**ePrint:**
https://eprint.iacr.org/2024/602

See all topics related to this paper.

Feel free to post resources that are related to this paper below.

**Example resources include:**
implementations, explanation materials, talks, slides, links to previous discussions on other websites.

For more information, see the rules for Resource Topics .