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**2024/592**

**Title:**

Asymptotics for the standard block size in primal lattice attacks: second order, formally verified

**Authors:**
Daniel J. Bernstein

**Abstract:**

Many proposals of lattice-based cryptosystems estimate security levels by following a recipe introduced in the New Hope proposal. This recipe, given a lattice dimension n, modulus q, and standard deviation s, outputs a “primal block size” β and a security level growing linearly with β. This β is minimal such that some κ satisfies ((n+κ)s^2+1)^{1/2} < (d/β)^{1/2} δ^{2β−d−1} q^{κ/d}, where d = n + κ + 1 and δ = (β(πβ)^{1/β}/(2π exp 1))^{1/2(β−1)}.

This paper identifies how β grows with n, with enough precision to show the impact of adjusting q and s by constant factors. Specifically, this paper shows that if lg q grows as Q_0 lg n + Q_1 + o(1) and lg s grows as S_0 lg n + S_1 + o(1), where 0 <= S_0 <= 1/2 < Q_0 − S_0, then β/n grows as z_0 + (z_1+o(1))/lg n, where z_0 = 2Q_0/(Q_0−S_0+1/2)^2 and z_1 has a formula given in the paper. The paper provides a traditional-format proof and a proof verified by the HOL Light proof assistant.

**ePrint:**
https://eprint.iacr.org/2024/592

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