[Resource Topic] 2024/443: The cool and the cruel: separating hard parts of LWE secrets

Welcome to the resource topic for 2024/443

The cool and the cruel: separating hard parts of LWE secrets

Authors: Niklas Nolte, Mohamed Malhou, Emily Wenger, Samuel Stevens, Cathy Yuanchen Li, Francois Charton, Kristin Lauter


Sparse binary LWE secrets are under consideration for standardization for Homomorphic Encryption and its applications to private computation. Known attacks on sparse binary LWE secrets include the sparse dual attack and the hybrid sparse dual-meet in the middle attack, which requires significant memory. In this paper, we provide a new statistical attack with low memory requirement. The attack relies on some initial parallelized lattice reduction. The key observation is that, after lattice
reduction is applied to the rows of a q-ary-like embedded random matrix A, the entries with high variance are concentrated in the early columns of the extracted matrix. This allows us to separate out the “hard part” of the LWE secret. We can first solve the sub-problem of finding the “cruel” bits of the secret in the early columns, and then find the remaining “cool” bits in linear time. We use statistical techniques to distinguish distributions to identify both the cruel and the cool bits of the secret. We provide concrete attack timings for recovering secrets in dimensions n = 256, 512, and 768. For the lattice reduction stage, we leverage recent improvements in lattice reduction (flatter) applied in parallel. We also apply our new attack in the RLWE setting for 2-power cyclotomic rings, showing that these RLWE instances are much more vulnerable to this attack than LWE.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2024/443

See all topics related to this paper.

Feel free to post resources that are related to this paper below.

Example resources include: implementations, explanation materials, talks, slides, links to previous discussions on other websites.

For more information, see the rules for Resource Topics .