[Resource Topic] 2023/866: Decoding LTFs in the Generic Group Model

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Decoding LTFs in the Generic Group Model

Authors: Dennis Hofheinz, Julia Kastner, Akin Ünal, Bogdan Ursu


Lossy trapdoor functions (LTFs) constitute a useful and versatile cryptographic building block. LTFs have found applications in various types of encryption schemes, are closely connected to statistically secure oblivious transfer protocols, and have led to the first constructions of group-based trapdoor functions. However, with one recent exception, all known group-based LTFs are comparatively inefficient, and in particular suffer from large images.
In this work, we attempt to explain this inefficiency, and derive lower bounds for the image size of group-based LTFs. In essence, we find that purely algebraic group-based LTFs (i.e., LTFs that use the underlying group in a generic way, without considering group representations) must suffer from a large image size (of an at least super-constant number of group elements). Our results also help to explain the mentioned exceptional group-based LTF with compact images.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/866

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