[Resource Topic] 2023/740: Practical Robust DKG Protocols for CSIDH

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Practical Robust DKG Protocols for CSIDH

Authors: Shahla Atapoor, Karim Baghery, Daniele Cozzo, Robi Pedersen


A Distributed Key Generation (DKG) protocol is an essential component of threshold cryptography. DKGs enable a group of parties to generate a secret and public key pair in a distributed manner so that the secret key is protected from being exposed, even if a certain number of parties are compromised. Robustness further guarantees that the construction of the key pair is always successful, even if malicious parties try to sabotage the computation. In this paper, we construct two efficient robust DKG protocols in the CSIDH setting that work with Shamir secret sharing. Both the proposed protocols are proven to be actively secure in the quantum random oracle model and use an Information Theoretically (IT) secure Verifiable Secret Sharing (VSS) scheme that is built using bivariate polynomials. As a tool, we construct a new piecewise verifiable proof system for structured public keys, that could be of independent interest. In terms of isogeny computations, our protocols outperform the previously proposed DKG protocols CSI-RAShi and Structured CSI-RAShi. As an instance, using our DKG protocols, 4 parties can sample a PK of size 4kB, for CSI-FiSh and CSI-SharK, respectively, 3.4 and 1.7 times faster than the current alternatives. On the other hand, since we use an IT-secure VSS, the fraction of corrupted parties is limited to less than a third and the communication cost of our schemes scales slightly worse with an increasing number of parties. For a low number of parties, our scheme still outperforms the alternatives in terms of communication.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/740

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