[Resource Topic] 2023/735: Privacy-preserving Attestation for Virtualized Network Infrastructures

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Privacy-preserving Attestation for Virtualized Network Infrastructures

Authors: Ghada Arfaoui, Thibaut Jacques, Marc Lacoste, Cristina Onete, Léo Robert


In multi-tenant cloud environments, physical resources are shared between various parties (called tenants) through the use of virtual machines (VMs). Tenants can verify the state of their VMs by means of deep-attestation: a process by which a (physical or virtual) Trusted Platform Module --TPM – generates attestation quotes about the integrity state of the VMs. Unfortunately, most existing deep-attestation solutions are either: limited to single-tenant environments, in which tenant {privacy is irrelevant; are inefficient in terms of {linking VM attestations to hypervisor attestations; or provide privacy and/or linking, but at the cost of modifying the TPM hardware.

In this paper, we propose a privacy preserving TPM-based deep-attestation solution in multi-tenant environments, which provably guarantees: (i) Inter-tenant privacy: a tenant is unaware of whether or not the physical machine hosting its VMs also contains other VMs (belonging to other tenants); (ii) Configuration privacy: the hypervisor’s configuration, used in the attestation process, remains private with respect to the tenants requiring a hypervisor attestation; and (iii) Layer linking: our protocol enables tenants to link hypervisors with the VMs, thus obtaining a guarantee that their VMs are running on specific physical machines.

Our solution relies on vector commitments and ZK-SNARKs. We build on the security model of Arfaoui et al. and provide both formalizations of the properties we require and proofs that our scheme does, in fact attain them. Our protocol is scalable, and our implementation results prove that it is viable, even for a large number of VMs hosted on a single platform.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/735

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