[Resource Topic] 2023/446: Revisiting Preimage Sampling for Lattices

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Revisiting Preimage Sampling for Lattices

Authors: Corentin Jeudy, Adeline Roux-Langlois, Olivier Sanders


Preimage Sampling is a fundamental process in lattice-based cryptography whose performance directly affects the one of the cryptographic mechanisms that rely on it. In 2012, Micciancio and Peikert proposed a new way of generating trapdoors (and an associated preimage sampling procedure) with very interesting features. Unfortunately, in some applications such as digital signatures, the performance may not be as competitive as other approaches like Fiat-Shamir with Aborts.
In this work we revisit the Micciancio-Peikert preimage sampling algorithm with different contributions. We first propose a finer analysis of this procedure which results in interesting efficiency gains of around 20% on the preimage sizes without affecting security. It can thus be used as a drop-in replacement in every construction resorting to it.
We then reconsider the Lyubashevsky-Wichs sampler for Micciancio-Peikert trapdoors which leverages rejection sampling but suffered from strong parameter requirements that hampered performance. We propose an improved analysis which allows to obtain much more compact parameters. This leads to gains of up to 30% compared to the original Micciancio-Peikert sampling technique and opens promising perspectives for the efficiency of advanced lattice-based constructions relying on such mechanisms.
As an application of the latter, we give the first lattice-based aggregate signature supporting public aggregation and that achieves relevant compression compared to the concatenation of individual signatures. Our scheme is proven secure in the aggregate chosen-key model coined by Boneh et al. in 2003, based on the well-studied assumptions Module Learning With Errors and Module Short Integer Solution.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/446

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