[Resource Topic] 2023/316: New Methods for Bounding the Length of Impossible Differentials of SPN Block Ciphers

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New Methods for Bounding the Length of Impossible Differentials of SPN Block Ciphers

Authors: Senpeng Wang, Dengguo Feng, Bin Hu, Jie Guan, Ting Cui, Tairong Shi, Kai Zhang


Impossible differential (ID) cryptanalysis is one of the most important cryptanalytic approaches for block ciphers. How to evaluate the security of Substitution-Permutation Network (SPN) block ciphers against ID is a valuable problem. In this paper, a series of methods for bounding the length of IDs of SPN block ciphers are proposed. From the perspective of overall structure, we propose a general framework and three implementation strategies. The three implementation strategies are compared and analyzed in terms of efficiency and accuracy. From the perspective of implementation technologies, we give the methods for determining representative set, partition table and ladder and integrating them into searching models. Moreover, the rotation-equivalence ID sets of ciphers are explored to reduce the number of models need to be considered. Thus, the ID bounds of SPN block ciphers can be effectively evaluated. As applications, we show that 9-round PRESENT, 8-round GIFT-64, 12-round GIFT-128, 5-round AES, 6-round Rijndael-160, 7-round Rijndael-192, 7-round Rijndael-224, 7-round Rijndael-256 and 10-round Midori64 do not have any ID under the sole assumption that the round keys are uniformly random. The results of PRESENT, GIFT-128, Rijndael-160, Rijndael-192, Rijndael-224, Rijndael-256 and Midori64 are obtained for the first time. Moreover, the ID bounds of AES, Rijndael-160, Rijndael-192, Rijndael-224 and Rijndael-256 are infimum.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/316

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