[Resource Topic] 2023/1871: B2T: The Third Logical Value of a Bit

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B2T: The Third Logical Value of a Bit

Authors: Dipesh, Vishesh Mishra, Urbi chatterjee


Modern computing systems predominantly operate on the binary number system that accepts only ‘0’ or ‘1’ as logical values leading to computational homogeneity. But this helps in creating leakage patterns that can be exploited by adversaries to carry out hardware and software-level attacks. Recent research has shown that ternary systems, operating on three logical values (‘0′, ‘1’, and ‘z’) can surpass binary systems in terms of performance and security. In this paper, we first propose a novel approach that assigns logical values based on the direction of current flow within a conducting element, rather than relying on the voltage scale. Furthermore, we also present the mathematical models for each ternary gate.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/1871

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