[Resource Topic] 2023/1744: Don't Eject the Impostor: Fast Three-Party Computation With a Known Cheater (Full Version)

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Don’t Eject the Impostor: Fast Three-Party Computation With a Known Cheater (Full Version)

Authors: Andreas Brüggemann, Oliver Schick, Thomas Schneider, Ajith Suresh, Hossein Yalame


Secure multi-party computation (MPC) enables (joint) computations on sensitive data while maintaining privacy. In real-world scenarios, asymmetric trust assumptions are often most realistic, where one somewhat trustworthy entity interacts with smaller clients. We generalize previous two-party computation (2PC) protocols like MUSE (USENIX Security’21) and SIMC (USENIX Security’22) to the three-party setting (3PC) with one malicious party, avoiding the performance limitations of dishonest-majority inherent to 2PC.

We introduce two protocols, Auxiliator and Socium, in a machine learning (ML) friendly design with a fast online phase and novel verification techniques in the setup phase. These protocols bridge the gap between prior 3PC approaches that considered either fully semi-honest or malicious settings. Auxiliator enhances the semi-honest two-party setting with a malicious helper, significantly improving communication by at least two orders of magnitude. Socium extends the client-malicious setting with one malicious client and a semi-honest server, achieving substantial communication improvement by at least one order of magnitude compared to SIMC.

Besides an implementation of our new protocols, we provide the first open-source implementation of the semi-honest 3PC protocol ASTRA (CCSW’19) and a variant of the malicious 3PC protocol SWIFT (USENIX Security’21).

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/1744

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