[Resource Topic] 2023/1490: Revisiting Remote State Preparation with Verifiability: A New Set of Notions with Well-behaved Properties

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Revisiting Remote State Preparation with Verifiability: A New Set of Notions with Well-behaved Properties

Authors: Jiayu Zhang


In remote state preparation with verifiability (RSPV), a client would like to prepare a quantum state (sampled from a state family) on the server side, such that ideally the client knows its full description, while the server holds and only holds the state itself. A closely related notion called self-testing, which is recently generalized to the single-server computationally-secure setting [MV21, aims at certifying the server’s operation. These notions have been widely studied in various different settings and have become fundamental building blocks in many quantum protocols [GV19,GMP22,Zha22,FWZ22]. However, there are many variants of definitions in existing works, and many of these variants do not have some desirable properties like sequential composability. What’s more, existing works mainly focus on simple state families like simple product states, and treatments for these types of states are already technically complicated; in this background, a new framework that could potentially support more general solutions is desirable.
In this paper, we choose notions or basic ideas from existing works [RSP01,GV19,Zha22,RY21] and introduce new notions, with the goal of developing a more general, well-behaved framework for these problems. We choose RSPV with simulation-based soundness [RSP01,GV19,Zha22] (instead of rigidity-based soundness [GMP22]), and study its basic properties like composability. Furthermore, for controlling the server’s operation in a verifiable way, we introduce a new notion named remote operator application with verifiability (ROAV) as a replacement of self-testing. In this notion the server is provided with an unknown input state, and is supposed to perform a specific operator (sampled from an operator family) to the state; the client knows the operator description, but what server knows in the end is limited to the output state of the operation applied on the input state. Finally, we show several basic constructions of protocols under our set of notions, and discuss why these notions could potentially lead to quantum cryptographic protocols with new functionalities.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/1490

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