[Resource Topic] 2023/1364: Meeting in a Convex World: Convex Consensus with Asynchronous Fallback

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Meeting in a Convex World: Convex Consensus with Asynchronous Fallback

Authors: Andrei Constantinescu, Diana Ghinea, Roger Wattenhofer, Floris Westermann


Convex Consensus (CC) allows a set of parties to agree on a value v inside the convex hull of their inputs with respect to a predefined convexity notion, even in the presence of byzantine parties. In this work, we focus on achieving CC in the best-of-both-worlds paradigm, i.e., simultaneously tolerating at most t_s corruptions if communication is synchronous, and at most t_a \leq t_s corruptions if it is asynchronous. Our protocol is randomized, which is a requirement under asynchrony, and we prove that it achieves optimal resilience. In the process, we introduce communication primitives tailored to the best-of-both-worlds model, which we believe to be of independent interest. These are a deterministic primitive, which allows honest parties to obtain intersecting views, and a randomized primitive, leading to identical views (which is impossible to achieve deterministically).

Afterwards, we consider achieving consensus using deterministic protocols, for which the agreement condition must be appropriately relaxed depending on the convexity space. For the relevant case of graph convexity spaces, we find that a previous asynchronous approximate agreement protocol for chordal graphs is incorrect, and hereby give a new protocol for the problem designed for the best-of-both-worlds model and achieving tight point-wise resilience bounds. Finally, we show that asynchronous graph approximate agreement remains unsolvable by deterministic protocols even when corruptions are restricted to at most two crashing nodes and the distance agreement threshold is linear in the size of the graph.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/1364

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