[Resource Topic] 2023/1247: Representations of Group Actions and their Applications in Cryptography

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Representations of Group Actions and their Applications in Cryptography

Authors: Giuseppe D'Alconzo, Antonio J. Di Scala


Cryptographic group actions provide a flexible framework that allows the instantiation of several primitives, ranging from key exchange protocols to PRFs and digital signatures. The security of such constructions is based on the intractability of some computational problems. For example, given the group action (G,X,\star), the weak unpredictability assumption (Alamati et al., Asiacrypt 2020) requires that, given random x_i's in X, no probabilistic polynomial-time algorithm can compute, on input \{(x_i,g\star x_i)\}_{i=1,\dots,Q}, the group element g.
In this work, we study such assumptions, aided by the definition of group action representations and a new metric, the linear dimension, that estimates the “linearity” of a group action, or in other words, how much it is far from being linear.
We show that under some hypotheses on the group action representation, and if the linear dimension is polynomial in the security parameter, then the weak unpredictability and other related assumptions cannot hold.
This technique is applied to some actions from cryptography, like the ones arising from the equivalence of linear codes; as a result, we obtain the impossibility of using such actions for the instantiation of certain primitives.
As an additional result, some bounds on the linear dimension are given for classical groups, such as \mathcal{S}_n, \mathrm{GL}(\mathbb{F}^n) and the cyclic group \mathbb{Z}_n acting on itself.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/1247

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