[Resource Topic] 2023/111: An Attack on the LILLE Stream Cipher

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An Attack on the LILLE Stream Cipher

Authors: Vahid Amin-Ghafari, Mohammad Ali Orumiehchiha, Saeed Rostami


A few small-state stream ciphers (SSCs) were proposed for constrained environments. All of the SSCs before the LILLE stream cipher suffered from distinguishing attacks and fast correlation attacks. The designers of LILLE claimed that it is based on the well-studied two-key Even-Mansour scheme and so is resistant to various types of attacks. This paper proposes a distinguishing attack on LILLE, the first attack since 2018. The data and time complexities to attack LILLE-40 are 2^(50.7) and 2^(41.2), respectively. We verified practically our attack on a halved version of LILLE-40. A countermeasure is suggested to strengthen LILLE against the proposed attack. We hope our attack opens the door to more cryptanalyses of LILLE.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2023/111

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