[Resource Topic] 2022/1453: Assisted MPC

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Assisted MPC

Authors: Philipp Muth, Stefan Katzenbeisser


Since their introduction in the 1970s, multi-party computation protocols have become the prevalent method for two or more parties to jointly compute an agreed upon function on private inputs without revealing them to other parties. While some efficiency gains in the offline phase of MPC protocols have been achieved, most works in the past have focused on optimising the online phase. Improvements to the online phase typically shifted significant workload to the offline phase. In this work we explore a novel approach to streamline the offline phase of secret sharing based MPC protocols by introducing a helper party that executes the preprocessing for the parties engaged in the online phase. We prove, that the security guarantees provided by the MPC protocols stay unchanged and demonstrate the efficiency of our approach in two sets of benchmarks. We furthermore give three examples of real world instantiations of the helper party to demonstrate that our approach is not only of a theoretical nature.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/1453

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