[Resource Topic] 2022/969: Certified Everlasting Functional Encryption

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Certified Everlasting Functional Encryption

Authors: Taiga Hiroka, Tomoyuki Morimae, Ryo Nishimaki, and Takashi Yamakawa


Computational security in cryptography has a risk that computational assumptions underlying the security are broken in the future. One solution is to construct information-theoretically-secure protocols, but many cryptographic primitives are known to be impossible (or unlikely) to have information-theoretical security even in the quantum world. A nice compromise (intrinsic to quantum) is certified everlasting security, which roughly means the following. A receiver with possession of quantum encrypted data can issue a certificate that shows that the receiver has deleted the encrypted data. If the certificate is valid, the security is guaranteed even if the receiver becomes computationally unbounded. Although several cryptographic primitives, such as commitments and zero-knowledge, have been made certified everlasting secure, there are many other important primitives that are not known to be certified everlasting secure. In this paper, we introduce certified everlasting FE. In this primitive, the receiver with the ciphertext of a message m and the functional decryption key of a function f can obtain f(m) and nothing else. The security holds even if the adversary becomes computationally unbounded after issuing a valid certificate. We, first, construct certified everlasting FE for P/poly circuits where only a single key query is allowed for the adversary. We, then, extend it to q-bounded one for NC1 circuits where q-bounded means that q key queries are allowed for the adversary with an a priori bounded polynomial q. For the construction of certified everlasting FE, we introduce and construct certified everlasting versions of secret-key encryption, public-key encryption, receiver non-committing encryption, and a garbling scheme, which are of independent interest.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/969

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