[Resource Topic] 2021/323: 0

Welcome to the resource topic for 2021/323


Authors: Nguyen Thoi Minh Quan


What is the funniest number in cryptography? 0. The reason is that for all x, x*0 = 0, i.e., the equation is always satisfied no matter what x is. This article discusses crypto bugs in four BLS signatures’ libraries (ethereum/py ecc, supranational/blst, herumi/bls, sigp/milagro bls) that revolve around 0. Furthermore, we develop ”splitting zero” attacks to show a weakness in the proof-of-possession aggregate signature scheme standardized in BLS RFC draft v4. Eth2 bug bounties program generously awarded $35,000 in total for the reported bugs.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2021/323

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