[Resource Topic] 2021/236: SNOW-Vi: an extreme performance variant of SNOW-V for lower grade CPUs

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SNOW-Vi: an extreme performance variant of SNOW-V for lower grade CPUs

Authors: Patrik Ekdahl, Thomas Johansson, Alexander Maximov, Jing Yang


SNOW 3G is a stream cipher used as one of the standard algorithms for data confidentiality and integrity protection over the air interface in the 3G and 4G mobile communication systems. SNOW-V is a recent new version that was proposed as a candidate for inclusion in the 5G standard. In this paper, we propose a faster variant of SNOW-V, called SNOW-Vi, that can reach the targeted speeds for 5G in a software implementation on a larger variety of CPU architectures. SNOW-Vi differs in the way how the LFSR is updated and also introduces a new location of the tap T2 for stronger security, while everything else is kept the same as in SNOW-V. The throughput in a software environment is increased by around 50% in average, up to 92 Gbps. This makes the applicability of the cipher much wider and more use cases are covered. The security analyses previously done for SNOW-V are not affected in most aspects, and SNOW-Vi provides the same 256-bit security level as SNOW-V.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2021/236

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