[Resource Topic] 2020/779: Non-Malleable Time-Lock Puzzles and Applications

Welcome to the resource topic for 2020/779

Non-Malleable Time-Lock Puzzles and Applications

Authors: Cody Freitag, Ilan Komargodski, Rafael Pass, Naomi Sirkin


Time-lock puzzles are a mechanism for sending messages “to the future”, by allowing a sender to quickly generate a puzzle with an underlying message that remains hidden until a receiver spends a moderately large amount of time solving it. We introduce and construct a variant of a time-lock puzzle which is non-malleable, which roughly guarantees that it is impossible to “maul” a puzzle into one for a related message without solving it. Using non-malleable time-lock puzzles, we achieve the following applications: (1) The first fair non-interactive multi-party protocols for coin flipping and auctions in the plain model without setup. (2) Practically efficient fair multi-party protocols for coin flipping and auctions proven secure in the (auxiliary-input) random oracle model. As a key step towards proving the security of our protocols, we introduce the notion of functional non-malleability, which protects against tampering attacks that affect a specific function of the related messages. To support an unbounded number of participants in our protocols, our time-lock puzzles satisfy functional non-malleability in the fully concurrent setting. We additionally show that standard (non-functional) non-malleability is impossible to achieve in the concurrent setting (even in the random oracle model).

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2020/779

Talk: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pB7qmplW3VY

See all topics related to this paper.

Feel free to post resources that are related to this paper below.

Example resources include: implementations, explanation materials, talks, slides, links to previous discussions on other websites.

For more information, see the rules for Resource Topics .