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MILP-Aided Related-Tweak/Key Impossible Differential Attack and Its applications to QARMA, Joltik-BC
Authors: Rui Zong, Xiaoyang DongAbstract:
In this paper, we study the relation of single-key impossible differentials with the related-tweakey/key ones and propose an interesting algorithm that can efficiently derive longer related-tweakey/key impossible differentials from single-key ones. With application of the MILP technique, the algorithm can be converted an automatic tool for searching related-tweakey/key impossible differentials. We use this automatic tool to analyze QARMA-64 and give a 11-round key recovery attack, which attacks one more round than the best previous result. Moreover, we also analyze Joltik-BC-128, a internal tweakable block cipher of an authenticated encryption candidate of the CAESAR competition Joltik and our result can attack two more rounds than the result given by the cipher designers.
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