[Resource Topic] 2017/441: New Approach to Practical Leakage-Resilient Public-Key Cryptography

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New Approach to Practical Leakage-Resilient Public-Key Cryptography

Authors: Suvradip Chakraborty, Janaka Alawatugoda, C. Pandu Rangan


We present a new approach to construct several leakage-resilient cryptographic primitives, including leakage-resilient public-key encryption (PKE) schemes, authenticated key exchange (AKE) protocols and low-latency key exchange (LLKE) protocols. To this end, we introduce a new primitive called leakage-resilient non-interactive key exchange (LR-NIKE) protocol. We introduce a generic security model for LR-NIKE protocols, which can be instantiated in both the bounded and continuous-memory leakage ((B/C)-ML) settings. We then show a secure construction of LR-NIKE protocol in the bounded- memory leakage (BML) setting, that achieves an optimal leakage rate, i.e., 1-o(1). Finally, we show how to construct the aforementioned leakage-resilient primitives from such a LR-NIKE protocol as summarized below. All the primitives also achieve the same (optimal) leakage rate as the underlying LR-NIKE protocol. We show how to construct a leakage-resilient IND-CCA-2-secure PKE scheme in the BML model generically from a LR-NIKE protocol. Our construction differs from the state-of-the-art constructions of leakage-resilient IND-CCA-2-secure PKE schemes, which use hash proof techniques to achieve leakage-resilience. Moreover, our transformation preserves the leakage-rate of the underlying LR- NIKE and admits more efficient construction than previous such PKE constructions. We introduce a new leakage model for AKE protocols, in the BML setting. We show how to construct a leakage-resilient AKE protocol starting from LR-NIKE protocol. We introduce the first-ever leakage model for LLKE protocols in the BML setting, and the first construction of such a leakage-resilient LLKE from LR-NIKE protocol.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2017/441

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