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Constraint-hiding Constrained PRFs for NC1 from LWE
Authors: Ran Canetti, Yilei ChenAbstract:
Constraint-hiding constrained PRFs (CHCPRFs), initially studied by Boneh, Lewi, and Wu [PKC 2017], are constrained PRFs where the constrained key hides the description of the constraint. Envisioned with powerful applications such as searchable encryption, private-detectable watermarking, and symmetric deniable encryption, the only known candidates of CHCPRFs are based on indistinguishability obfuscation or multilinear maps with strong security properties. In this paper, we construct CHCPRFs for all NC1 circuits from the Learning with Errors assumption. The construction draws heavily from the graph-induced multilinear maps by Gentry, Gorbunov, and Halevi [TCC 2015], as well as the existing lattice-based PRFs. Our construction gives an instance of the GGH15 applications with a security reduction from LWE. We also show how to build from CHCPRFs reusable garbled circuits (RGC), or equivalently private-key function-hiding functional encryptions with 1-key security. This provides a different approach to constructing RGC from that of Goldwasser et al. [STOC 2013].
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