[Resource Topic] 2015/507: Decomposing the ASASA Block Cipher Construction

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Decomposing the ASASA Block Cipher Construction

Authors: Itai Dinur, Orr Dunkelman, Thorsten Kranz, Gregor Leander


We consider the problem of recovering the internal specification of a general SP-network consisting of three linear layers (A) interleaved with two Sbox layers (S) (denoted by ASASA for short), given only black-box access to the scheme. The decomposition of such general ASASA schemes was first considered at ASIACRYPT 2014 by Biryukov et al. which used the alleged difficulty of this problem to propose several concrete block cipher designs as candidates for white-box cryptography. In this paper, we present several attacks on general ASASA schemes that significantly outperform the analysis of Biryukov et al. As a result, we are able to break all the proposed concrete ASASA constructions with practical complexity. For example, we can decompose an ASASA structure that was supposed to provide 64-bit security in roughly 2^{28} steps, and break the scheme that supposedly provides 128-bit security in about 2^{41} time. Whenever possible, our findings are backed up with experimental verifications.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2015/507

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