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Generic Transformation of a CCA2-Secure Public-Key Encryption Scheme to an eCK-Secure Key Exchange Protocol in the Standard Model
Authors: Janaka AlawatugodaAbstract:
LaMacchia, Lauter and Mityagin presented a strong security model for authenticated key agreement, namely the eCK model. They also constructed a protocol, namely the NAXOS protocol, that enjoys a simple security proof in the eCK model. However, the NAXOS protocol uses a random-oracle-based technique to combine the long-term secret key and the per-session-randomness; so-called NAXOS- trick, in order to achieve the eCK security definition. For NAXOS-trick-based protocols, the leakage of per-session-randomness modelled in the eCK model is somewhat unnatural, because the eCK model leaks per-session-randomness, while the output of the NAXOS-trick computation remains safe. In this work, we present a standard model eCK-secure protocol construction, eliminating the NAXOS-trick. Moreover, our protocol is a generic constructions, which can be instantiated with arbitrary suitable cryptographic primitives. Thus, we present a generic eCK-secure, NAXOS-free, standard model key exchange protocol. To the best of our knowledge this is the first paper on generic transformation of a CCA2-secure public key encryption scheme to an eCK-secure key exchange protocol in the standard model.
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