[Resource Topic] 2014/400: Composable Oblivious Extended Permutations

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Composable Oblivious Extended Permutations

Authors: Peeter Laud, Jan Willemson


An extended permutation is a function f : {1,…,m} → {1,…,n}, used to map an n-element vector a to an m-element vector b by b_i = a_{f(i)}. An oblivious extended permutation allows this mapping to be done while preserving the privacy of a, b and f in a secure multiparty computation protocol. Oblivious extended permutations have several uses, with private function evaluation (PFE) being the theoretically most prominent one. In this paper, we propose a new technique for oblivious evaluation of extended permutations. Our construction is at least as efficient as the existing techniques, conceptually simpler, and has wider applicability. Our technique allows the party providing the description of f to be absent during the computation phase of the protocol. Moreover, that party does not even have to exist - we show how to compute the private representation of f from private data that may itself be computed from the inputs of parties. In other words, our oblivious extended permutations can be freely composed with other privacy-preserving operations in a multiparty computation.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2014/400

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