[Resource Topic] 2013/293: A Toolkit for Ring-LWE Cryptography

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A Toolkit for Ring-LWE Cryptography

Authors: Vadim Lyubashevsky, Chris Peikert, Oded Regev


Recent advances in lattice cryptography, mainly stemming from the development of ring-based primitives such as ring-\lwe, have made it possible to design cryptographic schemes whose efficiency is competitive with that of more traditional number-theoretic ones, along with entirely new applications like fully homomorphic encryption. Unfortunately, realizing the full potential of ring-based cryptography has so far been hindered by a lack of practical algorithms and analytical tools for working in this context. As a result, most previous works have focused on very special classes of rings such as power-of-two cyclotomics, which significantly restricts the possible applications. We bridge this gap by introducing a toolkit of fast, modular algorithms and analytical techniques that can be used in a wide variety of ring-based cryptographic applications, particularly those built around ring-\lwe. Our techniques yield applications that work in \emph{arbitrary} cyclotomic rings, with \emph{no loss} in their underlying worst-case hardness guarantees, and very little loss in computational efficiency, relative to power-of-two cyclotomics. To demonstrate the toolkit’s applicability, we develop two illustrative applications: a public-key cryptosystem and a ``somewhat homomorphic’’ symmetric encryption scheme. Both apply to arbitrary cyclotomics, have tight parameters, and very efficient implementations.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2013/293

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