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**2009/115**

**Title:**

Scalable Compilers for Group Key Establishment : Two/Three Party to Group

**Authors:**
S. Sree Vivek, S. Sharmila Deva Selvi, Deepanshu Shukla, C. Pandu Rangan

**Abstract:**

This work presents the first scalable, efficient and generic compilers to construct group key exchange (GKE) protocols from two/three party key exchange (2-KE/3-KE) protocols. We propose three different compilers where the first one is a 2-KE to GKE compiler (2-TGKE) for tree topology, the second one is also for tree topology but from 3-KE to GKE (3-TGKE) and the third one is a compiler that constructs a GKE from 3-KE for circular topology. Our compilers 2-TGKE and 3-TGKE are first of their kind and are efficient due to the underlying tree topology. For the circular topology, we design a compiler called 3-CGKE. 2-TGKE and 3-TGKE compilers require a total of \mathcal{O}\left(n\lg n \right) communication, when compared to the existing compiler for circular topology, where the communication cost is \mathcal{O}\left(n^2 \right). By extending the compilers 2-TGKE and 3-TGKE using the techniques in \cite{DLB07}, scalable compilers for tree based authenticated group key exchange protocols (2-TAGKE/3-TAGKE), which are secure against active adversaries can be constructed. As an added advantage our compilers can be used in a setting where there is asymmetric distribution of computing power. Finally, we present a constant round authenticated group key exchange (2-TAGKE) obtained by applying Diffie-Hellman protocol and the technique in \cite{DLB07} to our compiler 2-TGKE. We prove the security of our compilers in a stronger Real or Random model and do not assume the existence of random oracles.

**ePrint:**
https://eprint.iacr.org/2009/115

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