[Resource Topic] 2008/379: A Characterization of Chameleon Hash Functions and New, Efficient Designs

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A Characterization of Chameleon Hash Functions and New, Efficient Designs

Authors: Mihir Bellare, Todor Ristov


This paper shows that chameleon hash functions and Sigma protocols are equivalent. We provide a transform of any suitable Sigma protocol to a chameleon hash function, and also show that any chameleon hash function is the result of applying our transform to some suitable Sigma protocol. This enables us to unify previous designs of chameleon hash functions, seeing them all as emanating from a common paradigm, and also obtain new designs that are more efficient than previous ones. In particular, via a modified version of the Fiat-Shamir protocol, we obtain the fastest known chameleon hash function with a proof of security based on the STANDARD factoring assumption. The increasing number of applications of chameleon hash functions, including on-line/off-line signing, chameleon signatures, designated-verifier signatures and conversion from weakly-secure to fully-secure signatures, make our work of contemporary interest.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2008/379

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