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**2008/029**

**Title:**

Non-Cyclic Subgroups of Jacobians of Genus Two Curves

**Authors:**
Christian Robenhagen Ravnshoj

**Abstract:**

Let E be an elliptic curve defined over a finite field. Balasubramanian and Koblitz have proved that if the l-th roots of unity m_l is not contained in the ground field, then a field extension of the ground field contains m_l if and only if the l-torsion points of E are rational over the same field extension. We generalize this result to Jacobians of genus two curves. In particular, we show that the Weil- and the Tate-pairing are non-degenerate over the same field extension of the ground field. From this generalization we get a complete description of the l-torsion subgroups of Jacobians of supersingular genus two curves. In particular, we show that for l>3, the l-torsion points are rational over a field extension of degree at most 24.

**ePrint:**
https://eprint.iacr.org/2008/029

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