[Resource Topic] 2007/323: Attribute-Based Encryption with Non-Monotonic Access Structures

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Attribute-Based Encryption with Non-Monotonic Access Structures

Authors: Rafail Ostrovsky, Amit Sahai, Brent Waters


We construct an Attribute-Based Encryption (ABE) scheme that allows a user’s private key to be expressed in terms of any access formula over attributes. Previous ABE schemes were limited to expressing only monotonic access structures. We provide a proof of security for our scheme based on the Decisional Bilinear Diffie-Hellman (BDH) assumption. Furthermore, the performance of our new scheme compares favorably with existing, less-expressive schemes.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2007/323

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