[Resource Topic] 2004/084: Evaluating elliptic curve based KEMs in the light of pairings

Welcome to the resource topic for 2004/084

Evaluating elliptic curve based KEMs in the light of pairings

Authors: David Galindo, Sebastia Martin, Jorge L. Villar


Several efforts have been made recently to put forward a set of cryptographic primitives
for public key encryption, suitable to be standardized.
In two of them (in the first place the NESSIE european evaluation project, already finished, and in the second
place the standardisation bodies ISO/IEC),
the methodology by Victor Shoup for hybrid encryption, known as
{\em Key Encapsulation Method-Data Encapsulation Mechanism} (KEM-DEM), has been accepted.
In this work we re-evaluate the elliptic curve based KEMs studied to become standards, which are called
ACE-KEM, ECIES-KEM and PSEC-KEM. Their security is based on different assumptions related
to the elliptic curve discrete logarithm (ECDL) problem on a random elliptic curve.
First of all, we fix some inexact results claimed in the previous literature.
As a consequence, the performance features of PSEC-KEM are dramatically affected.
In second place, we analyse both their security properties and performance
when elliptic curves with computable bilinear
maps ({\em pairing curves} for short) are used. It turns out that these KEMs present a very tight security
reduction to the same problem, namely the ECDH problem on such curves;
moreover, one can even relate their security to the ECDL problem in
certain curves with a small security loss. It is also argued that ECIES-KEM arises as the best option
among these KEMs when pairing curves are used. This is remarkable, since NESSIE did not include
ECIES-KEM over a random curve in its portfolio of recommended cryptographic primitives.
It is concluded that for medium security level applications, which is
likely the case for many embedded systems (e.g. smart cards), implementing these KEMs over pairing curves
should be considered a very reasonable option.

ePrint: https://eprint.iacr.org/2004/084

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