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Fully secure constrained pseudorandom functions using random oracles
Authors: Dennis HofheinzAbstract:
A constrained pseudorandom function (CPRF) PRF allows to derive constrained evaluation keys that only allow to evaluate PRF on a subset of inputs. CPRFs have only recently been introduced independently by three groups of researchers. However, somewhat curiously, all of them could only achieve a comparatively weak, selective-challenge form of security (except for small input spaces, very limited forms of constrained keys, or with superpolynomial security reductions). In this paper, we construct the first fully secure CPRF without any of the above restrictions. Concretely, we support ``bit-fixing’’ constrained keys that hardwire an arbitrary subset of the input bits to fixed values, we support exponentially large input spaces, and our security reduction is polynomial. We require very heavyweight tools: we assume multilinear maps, indistinguishability obfuscation, and our proof is in the random oracle model. Still, our analysis is far from tautological, and even with these strong building blocks, we need to develop additional techniques and tools. As a simple application, we obtain the first adaptively secure non-interactive key exchange protocols for large user groups.
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